Eye injuries are a significant hazard in many industries, including construction, manufacturing, and healthcare. According to OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration), approximately 2,000 U.S. workers sustain job-related eye injuries that require medical treatment each day. OSHA has established requirements for eye and face protection to help prevent eye injuries in the workplace. In this article, we'll go over some of the key OSHA safety glasses requirements and provide tips for workers to ensure their eye protection is adequate.
OSHA Safety Glasses Requirements
Here are some of the key OSHA safety glasses requirements:
1. Hazard Assessment
Employers must conduct a hazard assessment to determine what eye and face protection is necessary for their workers. The assessment should consider the type of work being performed, the potential hazards, and the likelihood of exposure.
2. Eye and Face Protection
Employers must provide eye and face protection to workers who are exposed to hazards that can cause eye or face injuries. The protection must be appropriate for the hazards and properly fit each worker.
3. ANSI Z87.1-2010 Standards
OSHA requires that all eye and face protection meet the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Z87.1-2010 standards. The standard outlines performance criteria for eyewear, including impact resistance, lens thickness, and optical quality.
4. Lens Shade Selection
Workers exposed to hazardous light radiation must wear eye protection with lenses that provide the appropriate level of protection. OSHA has established guidelines for selecting the proper lens shade based on the type and intensity of the radiation.
5. Prescription Safety Glasses
Employers must provide prescription safety glasses to workers who require corrective lenses and are exposed to hazards that require eye protection. The glasses must meet the same standards as non-prescription safety glasses.
6. Maintenance and Replacement
Employers must ensure that eye and face protection is maintained in a clean and sanitary condition and replaced as necessary. Workers must be trained on the proper care and use of their eye and face protection.
7. Emergency Eye and Face Wash Stations
Employers must provide emergency eye and face wash stations in areas where workers are exposed to hazardous materials that can cause eye injuries. The stations must be easily accessible and within 10 seconds' travel time from the hazard.
Tips for Workers
Here are some tips for workers to ensure their eye protection is adequate:
1. Choose the Right Type of Eye Protection
Workers should choose eye and face protection that is appropriate for their job duties and the hazards they are exposed to. There are different types of eye protection available, including safety glasses, goggles, and face shields.
2. Ensure Proper Fit
Workers should ensure that their eye and face protection fits properly to provide adequate protection. The eyewear should fit snugly and comfortably, with no gaps or spaces between the eyewear and the face.
3. Wear Eye Protection When Required
Workers should wear their eye protection when required by their employer. If hazards exist that could cause eye injuries, workers should be provided with eye and face protection and trained on how to properly use it.
4. Report Problems
Workers should report any problems with their eye and face protection to their supervisor or safety representative. If eyewear is damaged or not fitting properly, it may not provide adequate protection.
5. Get Regular Eye Exams
Workers should participate in regular eye exams to detect any changes in their vision. If a change is detected, workers should discuss it with their employer and their healthcare provider.